Zantvoorde British Cemetery is unusual, at least compared to the other cemeteries we have so far visited, in that it didn’t exist until after the war. Unsurprising really, bearing in mind that the Germans took the village of Zantvoorde (now Zandvoorde) at the end of October 1914 and held it for nearly four years, until the end of September 1918. After the Armistice, bodies recovered from the surrounding battlefields (and perhaps further afield) and from nearby German cemeteries were brought here to be re-interred, which explains why the majority of the men who now lie here are unidentified. Of a total of 1583 burials, 1135 have no known name.
View looking west along the cemetery wall towards the village of Zandvoorde and Zandvoorde Church in the background.
Inside the cemetery entrance are the words found in every CWGC cemetery in Flanders*, guaranteeing a ‘perpetual resting place’ for all the men buried here.
*unless you know otherwise?
Looking north from the cemetery entrance along the regimented ranks of headstones (see the cemetery plan, thanks to the CWGC, below); the single headstone against the northern wall in the distance is a special memorial (see next picture).
Close-up of the special memorial headstone for Private Spencer.
|PRIVATE W. H. SPENCER||SOMERSET LIGHT INFANTRY||29||04/10/1917||Sp Mem I|
A sadly typical example of the burials at Zantvoorde British Cemetery, only one of the ten graves in the front row is identified (fourth from right – see below for details). One other headstone bears a regimental badge (possibly the South Wales Borderers) but the grave is unidentified.
|PRIVATE D. EARL||BORDER REGIMENT||u/k||20/10/1914||V J 17|
South east view across the headstones of Plot V in the foreground, with the Stone of Remembrance in the middle distance, and the Cross of Sacrifice in the eastern corner of the cemetery beyond.
Two unidentified men of the Royal Field Artillery, killed on 30th September 1918, just six weeks before the end of the war. The Middlesex headstone visible in the centre of the second row is that of:
|PRIVATE A. W. RANDALL||MIDDLESEX REGIMENT||24||29/09/1918||II J 18|
An unknown soldier of the Middlesex Regiment (left), and another unknown artilleryman (right), killed, presumably along with his colleagues in the previous photograph, on 30th September 1918. The inscriptions on two of the headstones in the second row, on the far left and in the centre, are just visible:
|CORPORAL E. W. NORMAN||33rd BN, LONDON REGIMENT||25||07/10/1918||II J 13|
|COMPANY SERJEANT MAJOR W. G. LAMB||QUEEN’S OWN (ROYAL WEST KENT REGIMENT)||37||29/09/1918||II J 15|
Panoramic view from the northern corner of the cemetery looking south.
Zandvoorde Church, viewed across the headstones of Plot III. There are four British burials in the churchyard, men of the 10th (Prince of Wales’s Own Royal) Hussars, all killed on 26th October 1914, four days before the Germans took the village. Next time, I shall not forget to visit them. Doh!
Front row, left to right:
|GUNNER G. A. THOMPSON MM||ROYAL FIELD ARTILLERY||45||30/07/1917||III A 1|
|PRIVATE W. MORRIS||ROYAL IRISH FUSILIERS||u/k||26/08/1916||III A 2|
|A SOLDIER OF THE GREAT WAR||ROYAL FIELD ARTILLERY|
All the graves in the second row are unidentified except the headstone fourth from left:
|PRIVATE J. GRIFFIN||20th BN, THE KING’S (LIVERPOOL REGIMENT)||21||31/07/1917||III B 4|
Not far from Zantvoorde British Cemetery, just off the road that heads south east towards Ten Brielen, is a German command bunker, built in 1916 and most unusually still retaining ground cover above its concrete roof. Cleaned out in the 1980s, and a listed monument since 1999, the bunker is a fine example of its type, and well worth a look around.
Walls at times five feet thick provide more than adequate protection for those inside.
Note the shell damage visible to the far left,…
…and far right.
A friend of mine recently loaned me some of his grandfather’s trench maps and part of one, rather fortuitously, happens to show the German second line trench system around Zandvoorde in July 1917. I have marked the site of Zantvoorde British Cemetery in green (remember, this is a post-war cemetery), and if you follow the road south east from Zandvoorde you will see the bunker marked in yellow (do a zoom, you’ll find it).
You’ll find some more pictures of the cemetery, taken on a later visit and filling in some of the gaps, if you click here. Yes, I did visit Zandvoorde churchyard too! And you might like to see the Household Cavalry Monument while we’re here.