Grey skies and an ornate cemetery entrance greet us as we arrive at Rue-Petillon Military Cemetery.
Inside the entrance, the cemetery register and In Perpetuity inscription…
…and through the entrance, the Stone of Remembrance directly in front of us.
This view looks west back towards the Stone of Remembrance, cemetery entrance, and three special memorial headstones along the wall on either side; we shall visit the two on the left later.
And, turning round, this view looks east from the same position. The first burials here were made in late 1914 and the cemetery was used until the spring of 1918. This is quite a large cemetery, more than 1,500 men now buried or commemorated here.
Despite the number of burials, the cemetery is divided into only four plots, nearly all the northern half of the cemetery making up Plot II (above).
These two rows of headstones, just inside the entrance, are in Plot IV, with Row B in the foreground (and to the right in the photo below), and the two headstones centre right comprising Row C.
And apart from Plot IV Row A (centre left),…
…the rest of this half of the cemetery is all designated as Plot II.
If you take a look at the cemetery plan at this point, you can see that we are walking west down Plot II along the gap separating Row A (not in shot) and Row C (in the foreground, above & below).
When this sector of the front was recaptured in the autumn of 1918, the cemetery was opened once again, and by the time of the war’s end it was being used by no less than twelve British battalions.
Five unidentified soldiers at the start of Row J,…
…which continues in the foreground after a small gap; in the background in Row M, along the boundary wall,…
…at the base of one of the headstones,…
…the original family grave marker still remains. ‘In Loving Memory of Our Dear Son’.
Eight German graves at the eastern end of Row K.
…all but one unidentified.
View from the eastern corner of the cemetery, Row M on the far right along the wall.
Still in Plot II with, for reasons the cemetery plan reveals, Row G, backing on to Row E, nearest the camera…
…and now at the far eastern end of Plot II, Row B in the foreground. By far the majority of the burials in this photograph are unidentified. Many of the men buried in Rue-Petillon died of their wounds at a dressing station located in nearby buildings, and, as with many of the cemeteries in this sector, more graves were added after the war as the battlefields around Fleurbaix were cleared, and smaller cemeteries were integrated into the larger ones.
Panning left across Plot II from the previous shot…
…and further left. Plot II Row A is on the far left with Plot IV, the headstones at a ninety degree angle to all the other rows, in the distance.
And this view looks down the other side of Row A to the previous photo, towards the Stone of Remembrance and the cemetery entrance in the background.
Cross of Sacrifice.
Looking west down Plot I, Row E on the right.
Unidentified burials in Plot I Row P.
Three of these two pairs of headstones in Plot I Row G (above & below) have been replaced in recent years, the old ones having become near-illegible or been damaged in some way. How do I know? Well, in recent years headstones made of Italian Botticino marble have become more noticeable in CWGC cemeteries, and armed with that fact, it’s not too difficult to spot which of these four headstones is the one made of Portland Stone, like the majority of British headstones across the Western Front.
It’s also easy to see which have been lazer-etched (on the left), as opposed to hand carved (on the right).
Near the southern corner of the cemetery, the start of Plot I Row C nearest the camera,…
…and panning left from the same spot, Row C, which, like most of the rows in Plot I, runs the length of the cemetery, in the foreground…
…and panning even further left, Row B (and Baldrick) now visible on the left along the boundary wall.
These touching headstones in Plot I Row E (the reverse sides of these headstones are visible in the previous picture in front of the tree), five men of the King’s (Liverpool Regiment) and a single man of the Royal Lancaster Regiment, were all killed in early October 1918.
The four Oxford & Bucks Light Infantrymen on the left of this group in Plot I Row K were among the 61st (South Midland) Division casualties on 19th July. Of the three Australian burials, the two infantrymen who died on 15th July are among over 30 Australians killed that day and buried in Row K (see below), victims of a German bombardment and subsequent raid on the Australian lines that caused nearly 100 casualties in total. The Germans suffered about 30 casualties, but did manage to take three prisoners.
Row K. In total there are more than 250 Australians buried in this cemetery, all but three in Plot I.
A single New Zealand burial in Plot I Row L, one of 24 in the cemetery, alongside more Australians, those at this end of the row killed in August 1916. The Australians started using the cemetery in early May 1916 and they continued to use it until they left this sector at the end of September.
Forty nine identified Australians who died on 19th, and 62 who died on 20th July 1916, all at Fromelles, are buried in Rue-Petillon. The little message left on this headstone in Row K of Private Thomas Langford Watts, killed on 2oth July aged just 19, had me confused for a while, but I think I understand now – note the service numbers on the headstone and the message – but still I cannot find the name Sydney Bryden Wells anywhere on the CWGC database.
Private Edward George Austin, killed on 20th July aged 27. ‘Mother’s Love’. Pity poor Ellen Caroline.
Lance Corporal Arthur Eric Cheshire.
Remembered by the Melbourne High School Community.
In the centre of the cemetery looking east towards the Cross of Sacrifice, West Yorkshire Regiment (Prince of Wales’s Own) burials from the summer of 1915 in Plot I Row O in front of us, Plot II across the grass avenue to the left.
At the western end of Plot I Row L, (part of Plot III Row A visible on the far right), still more Australians killed at Fromelles.
Private Stanley Lewis Robinson,..
..also from Melbourne. Well, Victoria, anyway.
At the western end of the cemetery the headstones in Plot III are at a ninety degree angle to those in Plot I behind. These two shots both show Plot III Row A (headstones 1-14),…
…and these are Row A headstones 15-26.
Zooming in on the previous photo, the row in the centre crossing the photograph, Plot I Row H, contains 36 Australians who were killed during a German raid on the trenches at La Cordonnerie Farm, a mile or so from here to the south east, on the evening of 30th May 1916. A four hour artillery and trench mortar bombardment devastated a fifty yard section of the Australian front line, that and the subsequent raid causing over 118 Australian casualties, of whom more than forty were killed. A German report on the raid revealed that, “Bodies, buried and torn in shreds, were found in great number, and also very many dead, apparently unwounded, were seen in dugouts.” The German bombardment that evening led to the famous quote from Captain Walter Belford, 11th Bn. historian, and one of the men who had previously fought at Gallipoli, “By cripes. We never had shelling like that on Anzac.”
Part of Plot III Row B (Row A behind).
Looking east, Plot II Row A, which as you can see only extends as far as the tree (Row B behind) nearest the camera, from the western corner of the cemetery…
…and looking north east towards the cemetery entrance from the same position.
Private E. Gambles (Plot I A1), who died of wounds aged 20 on 15th December 1914, one of 35 identified burials from 1914 in this cemetery.
As you can see there are special memorials along the western boundary wall…
…so we’d better join Baldrick to take a look.
A Duhallow Block remembers 21 soldiers originally buried in four cemeteries ‘whose graves were destroyed in later battles’.
The headstones behind…
…remember each man by name.
A long time ago I told you we’d visit these two headstones just inside the cemetery entrance. These two Sikh soldiers both died in July 1915, and are ‘Honoured Here’, as in Sikhism, of course, cremation is the usual method for disposal of bodily remains.
Close to the Stone of Remembrance, this is the grave of Major William Ainsworth, Second-in-Command of the 5th Bn. The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment, killed in action on 16th April 1917 aged 39, and buried in Plot I N 53. Ainsworth was the only casualty suffered by the battalion that day, possibly the victim of a German sniper.
Final view looking down the length of the cemetery.
As we leave, you may have spotted the CWGC boards just outside the cemetery entrance at the very start of the post. Here’s a close-up should you wish to have a proper look; there’s much more detail here about the German raid of 30th May.