Austro-Hungarian Hand Grenades of the Great War Part Three – The Lakos Hand Grenade

Three examples of what are known as Lakos hand grenades, although why, I have no idea.

The Lakos grenade was another cheaply produced Austrian grenade made in a number of different sizes, but just one basic form,…

…that of a steel cylinder, grooved for better fragmentation.

The base of each grenade is solid, although the two larger examples have a protuberance in the centre of the base, inside the cylinder…

…for what reason I know not.

This end would have been filled by a wooden block (I believe some had wooden blocks at both ends),…

…and this example even has a small rim inside the cylinder for the block to rest on.  In these early versions the fuse would simply be lit and, after the requisite pause, the grenade thrown.

The third example, a later version, is fitted with a cap.  I doubt if the two earlier versions ever had caps; these were improvised weapons to a great extent, hence the many differences to be found.

In this Lakos grenade, though, the cap would have protected a percussion fuse embedded in the wooden block.

Remove the cap,…

…strike the fuse firmly on a hard surface, igniting the delay, and throw!

Of course, all three examples would have had a charge bag full of explosive inside when in use.

Seven-grooved Lakos, eight-grooved Lakos, and six-grooved Lakos (my nomenclature, but why not?).  It seems that these grenades are not so hard to come by on the battlefields of the Italian front even today, mainly because they so often failed to explode, either the fuse failing, or the explosion simply blowing the wooden block out of the end at extremely high velocity.  As with many Austro-Hungarian grenades, the Lakos grenade could be adapted for use as a rifle grenade, with a rod fitted to one end to slide down the rifle barrel.

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4 Responses to Austro-Hungarian Hand Grenades of the Great War Part Three – The Lakos Hand Grenade

  1. Sid from Down Under says:

    Great memories MJS. “All is revealed as to our country life mis-spent youth”. Our “gum nut bombs” widely varied in design. The Lakos looks and reads very similar to our pipe bomb (made for sound) version. We made these using about a 10″ length of one and a half inch galvanized water piping crimped in a vice at one end – rag and rock added as sealing to that end. Filled with our home made low grade gun powder – top end crimped as best we could and a length of safety fuse inserted. Light the fuse and run for your life (throwing the “bomb” usually dislodged the fuse). Great fun. We were super cautious (as in safety) and never hurt anyone or ourselves – only the odd fish. I must add that the days of making this sort of fun are long past and what I have described is not recommended for anyone to try and copy today.

    When the Lakos was used as a rifle grenade thrower – do you know if the rifle barrel was reinforced such as our Mills bomb throwing GF Lee Enfield 303s? See YouTube.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QPFIrCHwAVM

    • Magicfingers says:

      I don’t remember making bombs when I was a kid (whisper it, but it does sound like fun)!! – but then I was a city kid, and I guess there’s the difference. I can’t imagine that it would have been economically viable to reinforce rifle barrels – I must say it has never occurrd to me before you suggested it – and as far as I know they simply slipped a blank cartridge in and fired.

  2. Sid from Down Under says:

    My YouTube link shows how the barrels were reinforced – nothing expensive, just wrapped in wire. This is exactly how ours were reinforced when we used GF 303s in my 1950s National Service days.

    I’d imagine shoving a solid rod down the barrel with a Lakos on the end would create a tremendous pressure and risk the barrel bursting. Perhaps one of your other readers will know the answer for us both.

    • Magicfingers says:

      I take your point. I will check some photos at some point and see if I can get any clues. I wonder if Chris, being a military man, knows?

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